Risk factors for pneumonia

INSPIRATION

  • Immunosupression
  • Neurological impairment of the cough reflex
  • Secretion retention
  • Pulmonary oedema
  • Impaired mucociliary clearance
  • Antibiotics
  • Tracheal instrumentation
  • Impaired alveolar macrophages
  • Other
  • Neoplasia
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