Restrictive lung disease causes

SPICE

  • Space-occupying lesion e.g. tumour, cyst
  • Pleural disease e.g. effusion, pneumothorax
  • Interstitial lung disease e.g. fibrosis, oedema
  • Chest wall disease e.g. kyphosis, neuromuscular disease
  • Extrathoracic conditions e.g. obesity, ascites, pregnancy

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