Archive for the ‘Surgery’ Category

Postoperative pyrexia causes

April 19, 2012

The seven C’s

  • Chest – infection
  • Catheter – urinary tract infection
  • CVP line – infection
  • Cannula – superficial thrombophlebitis (remove cannula)
  • Cut – wound infection
  • Collection – Subphrenic/pelvic abscess (?failure of anastomosis)
  • Calves – DVT
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Parenteral feeding potential complications

April 18, 2012

Hickman LINE

  • Hyperglycaemia
  • Liver abnormalities including fatty liver
  • Infection e.g. of wound or via feed
  • Necrosis of gut (villous atrophy)
  • Electrolyte abnormalities

Acute pancreatitis complications

February 11, 2012

Early – GRASS

  • Glucose elevated
  • Renal failure
  • ARDS
  • Sepsis
  • Shock

Late – NAP

  • Necrosis of pancreas
  • Abscess
  • Pseudocyst

Chronic pancreatitis causes

February 11, 2012

PACE

  • Pancreas divisum (congenital)
  • Autoimmune
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Ethanol, chronic abuse

Salter-Harris clafficiation of paediatric fractures

February 4, 2012

SALTR

  • Slipped / Straight across
  • Above
  • Lower
  • Through
  • Rammed (crushed)

Aneurysm typical causes

December 24, 2011

ATTIC

  • Atheroma
  • Trauma
  • Takayasu’s aortitis (inflammation)
  • Infection e.g. mycotic aneurysm in endocarditis, syphilis
  • Connective tissue disorders e.g. Marfan’s syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos

Critical limb ischaemia surgery options

December 24, 2011

SAGA

  • Stent (intravascular)
  • Angioplasty (balloon)
  • Graft – bypass surgery
  • Amputation

Jaundice causes

November 30, 2011

Medical causes

Medical Doctors Aren’t Very Happy

  • Malignancy –  lymphoma, hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Drugs – oral contraceptive pill, IVDA, overdose
  • Alcohol – liver disease, cirrhosis, acute alcoholic hepatitis
  • Viruses – hepatitis A, B, C, EBV, CMV
  • Haematological – haemolytic anaemia

Surgical causes

Surgeons ARe Not Much better

  • Stones – painful jaundice
  • Antibiotics/Anaesthetic effect
  • Reabsorption of haematoma
  • Nodal obstruction – painful or painless
  • Malignancy of pancreatic head

Colles’ fracture

November 21, 2011

COLLES

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Obvious deformity
  • Long healing time
  • Lack of healing
  • Extensor pollicis longus rupture
  • Sympathetic dystrophy

Scrotal swelling causes

October 27, 2011
SHH THE VET
  • Syphilis, tuberculosis
  • Haematoma
  • Hydrocele
  • Torsion – of testies/hydatid of Morgagni
  • Hernia
  • Epididymo-orchitis
  • Varicocele
  • Epididymal cyst
  • Tumour